One limitation that many Food Policy Councils face is a lack of funding. Many are underfunded, and further, a correlation has been found between funding and the longevity of an FPC.
On another hand, there are lessons to be discussed around equity in the food system and the FPC governance structure. Meaningful representation is not a simple thing to achieve, and as membership has been found to affect the policy priorities of a FPC, it is important to get the inclusion of diverse stakeholders right. This often comes down to a few nuanced points. Firstly, representation on paper does not mean equitable representation in practice. That is, merely being at the table doesn't directly change the outcomes of FPC deliberation, and steps must be taken to ensure that the voices of all stakeholders are translated into the group's decisions. Secondly, there is the important question of how to define a stakeholder. More democratic groups will include not only those who are passionate about the food system but those who are directly or tangentially implicated in the system in the deliberation process.