Zoning to restrict “fast food” outlets

This solution was shared by IFSS portal research team , 09 June 2022

Print date: 19 October 2023 18:26

Description of the innovative solution

Food environment - external Food environment - personal Consumer choice Advertising restriction Nutritious food Nutritional guideline Healthy diet Fats - sugars - salts Infrastructure Waste Sharing economy Community building Monitoring/Surveillance Collaboration Indoor farming Local garden Urban planning Urban farming Double-duty action Tuft's Innovation Lab

Many food deserts lack access to affordable fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat milk, and other foods that make up the full range of a healthy diet. With limited access to diverse food groups, communities can be impaired or limited by several factors, such as income, location, time, and the ability to travel to a store. Cheaper, high-calorie and less-nutritious foods are common and favoured, leading to unhealthy habits and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and obesity. This solution proposes to protect residents who do not have access to diverse food options through zoning regulations. Zoning policies could regulate local food environments through monitoring the land use of a community. This could be for instance, incorporating community food gardens or municipal farmers markets. Zoning laws could also limit commercial food advertising, such as restricting promotion in fast-food businesses that sell foods high in fats, sugars, and salts. This innovation could also propose incentives to these businesses to increase access to healthy food. A diverse food environment, protected by zoning laws could induce local-production and consumption and further reduce emissions from long distance transportation.

Supply chain segment

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Gaining traction


Food quality Food safety Food availability Food affordability Food desirability Climate mitigation Climate adaptation Increasing agrobiodiversity Reducing pollution

SDG target

SDG 2: Zero Hunger SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being SDG 10: Reduced Inequality SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production SDG 13: Climate Action SDG 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal


Urban Peri-urban Rural Marine/Coastal

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How Planning and Zoning Contribute to Inequitable Development, Neighborhood Health, and Environmental Injustice
This commentary discusses the ways in which planning and zoning contribute to inequitable development and how this has implications for the design of neighborhoods, health and health disparities, and environmental injustice.
Shared by IFSS portal research team


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