Optimised irrigation systems

This solution was shared by IFSS Research team , 28 June 2021

Print date: 14 April 2024 10:21

Description of the innovative solution

Irrigation Regenerative agriculture Water availability Desert agriculture Urban planning Urban farming

Agriclulture is the largest user of water among human activities. Water withdrawals for agriculture are estimated to be around 70% of all use of water. Climate change is becoming more prevalent globally with increased incidence of extreme weather events, such as prolonged droughts, combined with increasingly frequent heat waves. To mediate and adapt, it is essention to set up of innovative irrigation water management to ensure fresh water for human consumption and agricultural production as well as to preserve the environment. These optimised irrigation systems will provide an opportunity for reduced water demand in irrigation and ensure food production as climate changes. Different irrigation systems have been put into place or are currently in the pipeline. Drip irrigation is an irrigation system where water drips onto the soil at very low rates (2 - 20 liters/hour) from a system of small diameter plastic pipes fitted with outlets called emitters or drippers. Water is applied close to plants so that only part of the soil in which the roots grow is wetted, unlike surface and sprinkler irrigation, which involves wetting the entire soil profile. In principle, there are two types of drip irrigation: sub-surface drip irrigation - water is applied below the soil surface and surface drip irrigation - Water is applied directly to the soil surface. Automated and smart irrigation system can also optimise the frequency and duration of irrigation.

Supply chain segment

Agricultural inputs and primary production practices

Maturity level



Food availability Climate adaptation Water use Increasing agrobiodiversity

SDG target

SDG 2: Zero Hunger SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation SDG 13: Climate Action


Peri-urban Rural

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Additional resources

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Optimizing Irrigation for Water Management
A thorough overview of irrigation, water conservation, optimization of irrigation, and relevant policy.
Shared by IFSS Research Team
Optimised Irrigation System Selection Model
Scientific paper
Paper on an analytical hierarchy process which selects the most appropriate irrigation method according to physical, socio-economic, and environmental criteria.
Shared by IFSS Research Team


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