High-tech greenhouses

This solution was shared by PRE-LAUNCH RESEARCH TEAM , 14 May 2021

Print date: 14 April 2024 10:25

Description of the innovative solution

Food biodiversity Indoor farming Urban farming Precision agriculture Waste Water availability Perishable food Agricultural development Agricultural extension Urban planning Accountability mechanism

High-tech greenhouses offer an innovative way to ramp up food production without drastically increasing land use. High-tech greenhouses bring precision agriculture to a new level, by allowing the growers to control every aspect of plant growth to produce the highest quality crop in the most efficient way. High-tech greenhouses have a very high input efficiency of water and nutrients and recycle any water or nutrients that are left over. These greenhouses also are not subject to seasonal and climatic variation, meaning that they can produce high quality crops year-round. Greenhouse farmers only have to spend money on exactly what their crops need, which makes them much more economically efficient on the long term than many types of outdoor agriculture. Additionally, in the future high-tech greenhouses could be located near or in urban areas which would allow for a large decrease in transportation costs. With high-tech greenhouses food can be grown anywhere, regardless of the environmental and climate restrictions of an area. They also have a large potential to curb greenhouse gas emissions. Agriculture contributes significantly to the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, but with the implementation of more sustainable practices that can be changed. High-tech greenhouses can sustainably produce food and because they can be located anywhere which means that greenhouse gas emissions associated with the transportation of fresh produce could potentially be reduced.

Supply chain segment

Agricultural inputs and primary production practices

Maturity level



Food quality Food safety Climate mitigation Climate adaptation Water use Reducing biodiversity loss Increasing agrobiodiversity Reducing pollution

SDG target

SDG 2: Zero Hunger SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities SDG 13: Climate Action


Urban Peri-urban Rural

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Additional resources

Learn more about this solution through studies, articles, business cases, and other information

Plant Production in Closed Ecosystems
Scientific paper
Summarizes the International Symposium on Plant Production in Closed Ecosystems held in Narita, Japan, August 26-29, 1996.


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