High-intensity coastal aquaculture

This solution was shared by PRE-LAUNCH RESEARCH TEAM , 14 May 2021

Print date: 12 April 2024 18:57

Description of the innovative solution

Alternative protein Food biodiversity Urban farming Preservation Solar energy Waste Agricultural development Animal husbandry Animal-sourced food

Seafood consumption is a vital part of many cultures and shows seldom signs of going away anytime soon. But the way in which we consume seafood has historically been incredibly unsustainable. The world has a massive overfishing problem that has devastated wild populations of fish and other sea animals. To accommodate the world’s demand for seafood while also turning around our practices of overfishing wild populations, we must implement high-intensity coastal aquaculture. Increased high-intensity coastal aquaculture might cause an overall shift in where consumers get their protein source from, by increasing seafood consumption and decreasing land animal consumption. This could mean an overall decrease in environmental degradation and energy devoted to livestock production which would undoubtedly have a positive effect on the environment. High-intensity coastal aquaculture has the potential to be a driving force against climate change and environmental degradation. By reducing the burden on the agricultural sector to produce land meat we reduce energy expenditure that way. If we are careful about choosing which species to farm and how exactly we go about doing it, high-intensity coastal aquaculture can help improve the ecosystems where they are. This effect can be seen in much of the oyster aquaculture done on the east coast of the United States. Where oysters improve the water quality and provide consumers with a sustainable protein source. High-intensity coastal aquaculture may be a controversial food system solution but it is absolutely necessary when it comes to creating a more sustainable global food system.

Supply chain segment

Agricultural inputs and primary production practices

Maturity level



Food quality Food availability Climate mitigation Water use Increasing agrobiodiversity

SDG target

SDG 2: Zero Hunger SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production SDG 13: Climate Action SDG 14: Life Below Water



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Additional resources

Learn more about this solution through studies, articles, business cases, and other information

An article on the environmental impact of aquaculture.
Scientific paper
This article asses the the pollutants and other environmental impacts associated by aquaculture. It then looks into how aquaculture might contribute to a sustainable future.
Coastal Aquaculture Developments in Tanzania: Sustainable and Non-sustainable Experiences
Scientific paper
An exploration of the pros and cons of aquaculture, specifically seaweed farming and prawn farming, in Tanzania.


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